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Join the Binyoh Team as a Temporary Marketing Specialist ! Are you a passionate and dynamic individual with a flair for engaging with people? Do you want to be a part of a groundbreaking femtech startup that's empowering African women in their sexual and reproductive health journey? Look no further! Job Title: Temporary Marketing Activation Specialist Duration: 1-week contract Location: Abuja, Nigeria About Binyoh: Binyoh Inc. is a leading female health technology (femtech) startup dedicated to providing tailored sexual and reproductive health content to African women. Our innovative app offers a safe space for women to connect, learn, and access professional advice on their intimate health needs. Job Description: As a Temporary Marketing Activation Specialist at Binyoh, you will play a pivotal role in spreading the word about our app and onboarding new female users. You will be the face of Binyoh during physical activations, connecting directly with potential users and guiding t

Causes, Symptoms, and treatment of Fibroids

 




What causes fibroids?


There is no known cause of fibroid. According to research, each tumor develops from an abnormal muscle in the uterus and grows fast when exposed to the estrogen hormone. The exact cause of fibroid is still not known. However, clinical observation and research have drawn attention to the following factors.

  • Genetic changes: Fibroids may be caused by abnormal genetic changes that are usually not found in typical uterine muscle cells.

  • Hormonal imbalance: Imbalances in the estrogen-progesterone ratio have been proven to cause the formation of fibroids. During each menstrual cycle, the hormones estrogen and progesterone encourage the growth of the uterine lining in preparation for pregnancy. These hormones could encourage the development of fibroids.

  • Increased hormonal production: Fibroids tend to have more estrogen and progesterone receptors than a typical uterine muscle cell. Fibroids usually shrink after menopause due to declined hormonal production.

  • Other factors: Some growth factors, such as insulin-like growth factors that maintain the tissues, can lead to the development of fibroids.

  • Extracellular matrix (ECM): ECM is a material that binds the cells together so that they are held in place. Fibroids are high in ECM. ECM is unique in that it stores growth factors and alters how cells behave biologically.

What are symptoms of fibroids?

The following list of symptoms is possible for fibroids:

  • Excessive menstrual bleeding (using more than 16 pads for the entire duration of the menstrual period)
  • Periods that are longer than a week
  • Pelvic discomfort or pressure
  • Recurring urination
  • Having trouble emptying your bladder
  • Sex-related discomfort
  • Feeling of satiety in the pelvic region (lower stomach area)
  • Constipation
  • Leg pains or a backache
  • Periods that are longer than a week
  • Pelvic discomfort or pressure
  • Recurring urination
  • Having trouble emptying your bladder
  • Sex-related discomfort
  • Feeling of satiety in the pelvic region (lower stomach area)
  • Constipation
  • Leg pains or a backache

What are possible complications of fibroids?

Fibroids can be physically and emotionally taxing for women because many experience the following complications:

  1. Anemia
  2. Heavy menstrual bleeding
  3. Pain
  4. Rectal pressure
  5. Large lower abdomen that makes the woman look pregnant
  6. Infertility


Most women with fibroids can have normal pregnancies. However, the risk of complications may increase depending on the location of the fibroid in the uterus. The most common problems seen in women with fibroids include:

  • Cesarean delivery: The risk of needing cesarean delivery is 6 times greater for women with fibroids.

  • Breech baby: In pregnant women with fibroids, the baby may not be positioned well for vaginal delivery.

  • Failure of the labor to progress: The labor may fail to progress in the presence of fibroids.

  • Placental abruption: This occurs when the placenta breaks away from the wall of the uterus before delivery. When this happens, the fetus does not get enough oxygen.

  • Preterm delivery: Fibroids can lead to preterm delivery of the fetus.

How are fibroids treated?

Medications

To treat mild symptoms of fibroids, such as pain and heavy bleeding, your doctor may prescribe the following medications:

  • Acetaminophen or ibuprofen to relieve pain

  • Iron supplements to prevent anemia

Surgery

For fibroids that cause moderate or severe symptoms, surgery is the ideal treatment option. Some of the surgeries commonly performed include:

  • Myomectomy: Involves the removal of fibroids without invading the healthy tissues of the uterus. Risk of recurrence is higher with this type of surgery.

  • Hysterectomy: Involves the complete removal of the uterus. It is the ultimate cure for uterine fibroids because there is a lower chance of recurrence.

  • Endometrial ablation: Involves the removal or destruction of the uterus lining using:

  • Myolysis: Involves inserting a needle into the fibroids, usually guided by laparoscopy, and using an electric current or freezing to destroy the fibroids.

  • Uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) or uterine artery embolization (UAE): Targets the blood vessels that supply the fibroids. A thin tube is attached to the blood vessels through which tiny plastic or gel particles are injected into the blood vessels, leading to obstruction. As a result, the fibroid shrinks due to a lack of blood supply. Not all fibroids can be treated with UFE. The ideal candidates for UFE are women who:

  1. Have fibroids with heavy bleeding
  2. Have fibroids with pain or pressure on the bladder or rectum
  3. Do not wish to get pregnant in the future
  4. Do not want to have a hysterectomy




 

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